Through the Ages


Fresh shale-fall.
Lepidodendron (Carboniferous Period, approx. 310-325 million years ago).
Small rounded granite stones that must predate the fossil, based on the amount of erosion.

A still life window into eons past, taken in the very present, and published on the internet, where it should last for quite some time in the future. Isn’t time amazing?

I *HEART* Joggins Fossil Cliffs …


… and Nova Scotia, and tide lines of all sorts, and most especially days spent exploring nature with my beloved. This fossilized impression of stigmaria bark from the Carboniferous period says it all.

This photograph was taken along the tide line at Joggins Fossil Cliffs. Rather than a sand, or even small pebble tide line, Joggins is mostly a jumble of rocks, with sand and smaller rocks emerging at low tide. It makes walking the tide line a bit of a challenge, but the reward of watching one’s step comes with finding innumerable fossils along the walk.

NOTE: fossil was misidentified yesterday as lepidodendron. Corrected today as stigmaria.

What a Bit of Time Can Do


Sea grass, a bit of shell, and a lump of limestone: a very peaceful still life that can tell a bigger story.

Limestone is formed in warm shallow seas over great periods of time … ‘Great’ as in millions of years! When marine creatures die they sink to the bottom, and their bodies build up on the sea floor. Limestone is essentially the fossilized and calcified remnants of these creatures. Florida limestone is about 50-60 million years old, quite white, fairly soft, and contains many fossils. It is not difficult to find a lump of rock with the impression of a shell, or indentations from marine botanical life.

The juxtaposition of this bit of sea grass and a small shell fragment next to a well-marked limestone rock (fossil) is the epitome of “before and after”!

Information on Florida limestone from